Hugo de Groot (1583 – 1645)

Maker: unknown painter
Date: 1617
Object number: 2006-0003-SCH
Materials: oil paint on canvas
Currently on display in the Examination Room

As Hof van Holland’s fiscal advocate, jurist Hugo de Groot (Grotius) was responsible for the Prison Gate. In 1609, for example, he received complaints from five prisoners of high social rank. The food was disgusting, they said, and one of their number had become ill. The cells were not kept clean and the place stank. The
warden did his best to counter their accusations and even presented his own complaints: the prisoners refused to use the toilet bowls when urinating and had molested three young servant girls. The investigation led to a regulation governing the conduct of guards and prisoners.